HIV and AIDS are sometimes confused and referred to interchangeably, however they’re the truth is two totally different entities.
Because the identify suggests, the human immunodeficiency virus is simply that: A virus. It solely infects people and as soon as within the physique it assaults the immune system, decreasing the physique’s defences and leaving it prone to infections. That is the place AIDS is available in.
AIDS just isn’t a virus that the physique catches, however somewhat a situation which is attributable to the HIV. It stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS develops after HIV has brought about appreciable injury to the immune system of the contaminated particular person leaving the physique too weak to combat off infections.
As such, the signs can range from individual to individual, relying on which diseases the physique develops because of a closely weakened immune system. AIDS is the final stage of HIV, often known as the late stage of HIV, and if left untreated will result in loss of life. Whereas HIV as a virus might be managed very efficiently, permitting the contaminated particular person to reside a protracted and wholesome life.
It’s also essential to notice that an individual might be contaminated with HIV and never expertise AIDS, however not vice versa.
HIV is essentially identified to be a symptomless situation; the virus silently propagates throughout the physique whereas the contaminated particular person stays unaware. Nonetheless, there could be a collection of fever-like signs, which seem 2-6 weeks after contracting the virus, often called seroconversion sickness, which are sometimes ignored and considered a chilly or a light bout of the flu. These signs are an indication of the physique attempting to combat again towards the illness. After this era, the particular person can then reside completely symptom-free for a few years whereas the virus is in its latent stage. After this, they might begin to expertise extra critical signs, akin to excessive fatigue and weight reduction.
AIDS, alternatively, doesn’t have any signs of its personal ‘per se’, as it’s caused when infections and ailments enter the physique by a considerably broken immune system attributable to the HIV. However as soon as this injury has occurred the particular person is extremely prone to what’s often called ‘opportunistic infections’ and cancers, which is able to assault the physique when it’s defenceless. The signs a person might expertise can embody: power diarrhea, night time sweats, weight reduction, infections that hold coming again, and neurological issues, akin to melancholy. Any one in all these signs nonetheless may additionally level to different situations, so an individual ought to all the time have a full analysis with their medical practitioner.
As a result of AIDS is a situation caused by HIV, there isn’t any precise treatment for it. That implies that when an individual develops AIDS signs and seeks medical care at this late stage of the an infection, the doctor will likely be treating the injury carried out by the HIV to the particular person’s immune system.
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There’s additionally no treatment for HIV, however all kinds of therapy choices. The medication accessible at the moment for treating HIV are each quite a few and extremely efficient relying on the stage that the illness has reached within the particular person, with AIDS being the most recent stage. The medication work by decreasing the quantity of the virus within the physique so as to give the immune system the possibility to rebuild itself and begin preventing again towards infections. You will need to notice nonetheless that the immune system won’t be able to defeat the virus itself by taking remedy.